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SUMO monoclonal antibodies vary in sensitivity, specificity, and ability to detect types of SUMO conjugate

Sci Rep. 2022-12; 
Alexander J Garvin , Alexander J Lanz , Joanna R Morris
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Monoclonal antibodies (MAb) to members of the Small Ubiquitin-like modifier (SUMO) family are essential tools in the study of cellular SUMOylation. However, many anti-SUMO MAbs are poorly validated, and antibody matching to detection format is without an evidence base. Here we test the specificity and sensitivity of twenty-four anti-SUMO MAbs towards monomeric and polymeric SUMO1-4 in dot-blots, immunoblots, immunofluorescence and immunoprecipitation. We find substantial variability between SUMO MAbs for different conjugation states, for detecting increased SUMOylation in response to thirteen different stress agents, and as enrichment reagents for SUMOylated RanGAP1 or KAP1. All four anti-SUMO4 monoclonal antib... More