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windpipe

Windpipe, or your trachea, is one part of your airway system. Airways are pipes that carry oxygen-rich air to your lungs. When you inhale, air travels from your nose, through your larynx, and down your windpipe. The windpipe splits into two bronchi that enter your lungs.

The human windpipe (trachea) is about 1/4 inch in diameter. It extends from just behind the voice box (larynx) to the bronchioles, which lead to the lungs. The windpipe is surrounded by pleura, two layers of tough serous membranes that protect it from injury and allow it to move freely.

The main functions of the windpipe are to conduct air into the lungs when we breathe in and remove expired air from the body when we breathe out. It also acts as a protective mechanism for the lungs by preventing foreign objects from entering them through the respiratory system. The windpipe is divided into four sections: the larynx, the pharynx, the trachea, and the bronchi.


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If you know of any terms that have been omitted from this glossary that you feel would be useful to include, please send detail to the Editorial Office at GenScript: [email protected]

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