Catalog Products » Recombinant Proteins » TIM-3, hFc, Mouse

TIM-3 Fc Chimera, Mouse

*This product has been discontinued!*
TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3), also known as HAVCR2, is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules that a family of transmembrane proteins expressed by various immune cells. TIM-3 is an inhibitory molecule that is induced following T cell activation. TIM-3 is expressed by exhausted T cells in the settings of chronic infection and cancer, and tumor-infiltrating T cells that co-express PD-1 and TIM-3 exhibit the most severe exhausted phenotype. Tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells also express TIM-3. TIM-3 expression on DCs was found to suppress innate immunity by reducing the immunogenicity of nucleic acids released by dying tumor cells. Research studies show that heterodimerization of TIM-3 with CEACAM-1 is critical for the inhibitory function of TIM-3, and co-blockade of TIM-3 and CEACAM-1 enhanced antitumor responses in a mouse model of colorectal cancer. Its binding to Galectin-9 induces a range of immunosuppressive functions which enhance immune tolerance and inhibit anti-tumor immunity. TIM-3 ligation attenuates CD8+ and Th1 cell responses and promotes the activity of Treg and myeloid derived suppressor cells. In addition, dendritic cell-expressed TIM-3 dampens inflammation by enabling the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and the cross-presentation of apoptotic cell antigens.
Z03401
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Product Introduction
Species Mouse
Protein Construction
TIM-3 (Leu22-Ala193)
Accession # Q8VIM0-1
hFc
N-term C-term
Purity > 97% as analyzed by SDS-PAGE
Endotoxin Level < 0.2 EU/μg of protein by gel clotting method
Biological Activity Measured by its binding ability in a functional ELISA. Immobilized human Galectin at 0.5 μg/ml (100 µl/well) can bind TIM-3, hFc, Mouse (Cat. No.: Z03401) with a linear range of 0.78-6.25 μg/ml. Background was subtracted from data points before curve fitting.
Expression System HEK 293
Apparent Molecular Weight ~62 kDa, on SDS-PAGE under reducing conditions.
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS.
Reconstitution It is recommended that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Reconstitute the lyophilized powder in ddH₂O or PBS up to 100 μg/ml.
Storage & Stability Upon receiving, this product remains stable for up to 6 months at lower than -70°C. Upon reconstitution, the product should be stable for up to 1 week at 4°C or up to 3 months at -20°C. For long term storage it is recommended that a carrier protein (example 0.1% BSA) be added. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Background
Target Background TIM-3 (T cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-3), also known as HAVCR2, is a 60 kDa member of the TIM family of immune regulating molecules that a family of transmembrane proteins expressed by various immune cells. TIM-3 is an inhibitory molecule that is induced following T cell activation. TIM-3 is expressed by exhausted T cells in the settings of chronic infection and cancer, and tumor-infiltrating T cells that co-express PD-1 and TIM-3 exhibit the most severe exhausted phenotype. Tumor-infiltrating dendritic cells also express TIM-3. TIM-3 expression on DCs was found to suppress innate immunity by reducing the immunogenicity of nucleic acids released by dying tumor cells. Research studies show that heterodimerization of TIM-3 with CEACAM-1 is critical for the inhibitory function of TIM-3, and co-blockade of TIM-3 and CEACAM-1 enhanced antitumor responses in a mouse model of colorectal cancer. Its binding to Galectin-9 induces a range of immunosuppressive functions which enhance immune tolerance and inhibit anti-tumor immunity. TIM-3 ligation attenuates CD8+ and Th1 cell responses and promotes the activity of Treg and myeloid derived suppressor cells. In addition, dendritic cell-expressed TIM-3 dampens inflammation by enabling the phagocytosis of apoptotic cells and the cross-presentation of apoptotic cell antigens.
Synonyms Hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2; HAVcr-2; T-cell immunoglobulin and mucin domain-containing protein 3; TIMD-3; T-cell immunoglobulin mucin receptor 3; TIM-3; T-cell membrane protein 3

For laboratory research use only. Direct human use, including taking orally and injection and clinical use are forbidden.


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