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BD-2, Human

Defensins (alpha and beta) are cationic peptides with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity that comprise an important arm of the innate immune system. The α-defensins are distinguished from the β-defensins by the pairing of their three disulfide bonds. To date, four human β-defensins have been identified; BD-1, BD-2, BD-3 and BD-4. β-defensins are expressed on some leukocytes and at epithelial surfaces. In addition to their direct antimicrobial activities, they are chemoattractant towards immature dendritic cells and memory T cells. The β-defensin proteins are expressed as the C-terminal portion of precursors and are released by proteolytic cleavage of a signal sequence and, in the case of BD-1 (36 a.a.), a propeptide region. β-defensins contain a six-cysteine motif that forms three intra-molecular disulfide bonds. β-Defensins are 3-5 kDa peptides ranging in size from 33-47 amino acid residues.
Z02755
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Product Introduction
Species Human
Protein Construction
BD-2 (Gly24-Pro64)
Accession # O15263
Purity > 98% as analyzed by SDS-PAGE
> 98% as analyzed by HPLC
Endotoxin Level < 1 EU/μg of protein by LAL method
Biological Activity Fully biologically active when compared to standard. The biological activity determined by a chemotaxis bioassay using immature human dendritic cells is in a concentration range of 10.0-100.0 ng/ml.
Expression System E. coli
Theoretical Molecular Weight 4.3 kDa
Formulation Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in 20 mM PBS, pH 7.4, 130 mM NaCl.
Reconstitution It is recommended that this vial be briefly centrifuged prior to opening to bring the contents to the bottom. Reconstitute the lyophilized powder in sterile distilled water or aqueous buffer containing 0.1% BSA to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml.
Storage & Stability Upon receiving, this product remains stable for up to 6 months at -70°C or -20°C. Upon reconstitution, the product should be stable for up to 1 week at 4°C or up to 3 months at -20°C. Avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.

Background
Target Background Defensins (alpha and beta) are cationic peptides with a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity that comprise an important arm of the innate immune system. The α-defensins are distinguished from the β-defensins by the pairing of their three disulfide bonds. To date, four human β-defensins have been identified; BD-1, BD-2, BD-3 and BD-4. β-defensins are expressed on some leukocytes and at epithelial surfaces. In addition to their direct antimicrobial activities, they are chemoattractant towards immature dendritic cells and memory T cells. The β-defensin proteins are expressed as the C-terminal portion of precursors and are released by proteolytic cleavage of a signal sequence and, in the case of BD-1 (36 a.a.), a propeptide region. β-defensins contain a six-cysteine motif that forms three intra-molecular disulfide bonds. β-Defensins are 3-5 kDa peptides ranging in size from 33-47 amino acid residues.
Synonyms Beta-defensin 4A; Beta-defensin 2; hBD-2; Defensin, beta 2; Skin-antimicrobial peptide 1; SAP1; DEFB4A; DEFB102; DEFB2

For laboratory research use only. Direct human use, including taking orally and injection and clinical use are forbidden.


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