An antibody test, also known as a serology test, is a medical test used to detect the presence of antibodies in a person's blood. Antibodies are proteins produced by the immune system in response to an infection or after receiving a vaccine. The purpose of an antibody test is to determine whether a person has been exposed to a specific virus, bacteria, or other infectious agent. When the body encounters an infection or receives a vaccine, it produces specific antibodies that are designed to target and neutralize the foreign invader. In the context of infectious diseases, such as COVID-19, antibody tests are used to: Diagnose Past Infection: Antibody tests can confirm whether an individual has been previously infected with a particular virus, even if they were asymptomatic or had mild symptoms. For COVID-19, antibody tests help identify individuals who have already had the virus and may have developed some level of immunity. Assess Immunity: Antibody tests can provide information about a person's immune response to a vaccine. After receiving a vaccine, the body produces antibodies specific to the virus or pathogen targeted by the vaccine. Measuring the level of antibodies in the blood can indicate the strength of the immune response and potential protection against the disease. It's important to note that the presence of antibodies does not necessarily guarantee immunity to future infections. The level of protection conferred by antibodies can vary depending on the virus and the individual's immune response. Additionally, the duration of immunity after infection or vaccination is an ongoing area of research. Antibody tests can play a critical role in epidemiological studies, understanding the spread of infectious diseases, and assessing vaccine efficacy in populations. They are typically conducted using a blood sample, and the results are often reported as either positive (presence of antibodies) or negative (no detectable antibodies). It is essential to interpret antibody test results in conjunction with other clinical and epidemiological data to draw meaningful conclusions about an individual's immune status and potential protection against a specific disease. As with any medical test, antibody tests should be performed and interpreted by qualified healthcare professionals.
GenSmart Optimization is a free online tool for performing codon optimization to improve gene expression. GenScript's patented algorithms are integrated into the tool to optimize the computing capability of high-performance sequence generation.
GenSmart™ Design is a free online DNA construct design tool developed by GenScript. GenSmart™ Design has two design modules, the Create Construct module for individual plasmid design and the Create Library module for DNA library design.
This online tool shows commonly used genetic codon frequency table in expression host organisms including Escherichia coli and other common host organisms.
Antibody Production Services
Comprehensive custom antibody production services including monoclonal and polyclonal antibody production services with industry leading turnaround times.
Polyclonal Antibody Services
The fastest custom polyclonal antibody production services in the industry with unmatched guarantees.
Custom Monoclonal Antibody Development Services
Developing custom monoclonal antibodies with standard or fully custom protocols including everything from antigen synthesis to antibody scale-up options.
Phospho-Specific Antibody Services
Guaranteed ELISA titer of ≥ 1:64,000 and < 10% cross reactivity with non-phospho peptide.
Immunoassay Development Services
Our custom immunoassay development service offering comprehensive high-throughput assay development with fast turnaround and high efficiency.
Large-scale Antibody Manufacturing
Our large-scale antibody manufacturing services offer polyclonal and monoclonal antibody production of gram quantities for industrial antibody yields.
COVID-19 Reagent Antibodies
On demand SARS-CoV-2 control mAbs ideal for diagnostics, therapeutic, and vaccine development.
If you know of any terms that have been omitted from this glossary that you feel would be useful to include, please send detail to the Editorial Office at GenScript: [email protected]