Independent Antibody Validation
Epitope Binning is a means of antibody validation in which monoclonal antibodies are tested against one another to determine which antibodies compete for the same antigenic epitope. Antibodies which bind to identical epitopes are grouped together into "bins". Antibodies which are grouped into different bins are considered to be independent from one another, hence the name independent antibody validation (Figure 1). Independent antibody validation is used to identify which antibody pairs have higher specificity and/or sensitivity in various experimental platforms.
Figure 1. Independent Antibody Pairs. (A) An antigen can have multiple epitopes in which an antibody can bind. (B) If two mAbs bind to same epitope on an antigen, they are considered to be in one bin. (C) However, if two mAbs both bind to the same antigen, but at different epitopes, they are considered to be in separate bins.
Key Features of GenScript's Independent Antibody Validation Service
- Final Delivery: An epitope binning test report identifying all "independent pairs"
- Can be added to custom mAb generation services including Lead generation and optimization
- Can be performed on mAb's generated against protein antigens
- Can be performed on up to 5 mAbs at one time
- Can be performed between different groups of 5 mAbs
The grouping of monoclonal antibodies into individual epitope bins has benefits for both basic research and therapeutic discovery. Some of these benefits include….
- Each epitope corresponds to a different mechanism of action, ensuring that mAb's in the same bin have identical functionality. Therefore, by targeting different epitopes on one antigen, it is possible to increase the end effect by simultaneously activating multiple mechanisms of action.
- Researchers can easily reduce the number of potential lead candidates by eliminating mAb's which target the same epitope of a non functional clone.
- It is important to identify which epitope elicits the strongest effect rather than depending on the usual bias's to choose mAb's with the highest affinity or the most common epitope. This analysis can be accomplished by comparing the efficacy of mAb's which belong to different bins, ensuring that the most functional mAb-epitope pair is chosen for further analysis, rather than one chosen through bias.
- Coat an ELISA plate with protein antigen.
- The competing antibody will be added to the plate and allowed to bind prior to a biotin labeled testing.
- The non-bound antibodies will be washed away, leaving only the bound antibodies on the plate.
- HRP labeled streptavidin will be added to the plate in order to visualize the amount of bound testing antibody through spectrophotometry.
- The designated protein antigen is coated on an ELISA plate.
- The testing antibody will be pre-incubated with secondary antibody conjugated to biotin.
- The competing antibody will be added to the plate and allowed to bind prior to the testing antibody (with labeled secondary).
- Any unbound antibody will be washed away.
- HRP labeled streptavidin will be added to the plate in order to visualize the amount of bound testing antibody through spectrophotometry via Octet RED 96.
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